cOAlition S is an initiative of the European Commission and the European Research Council to make full and immediate open access to research publications a reality. Its members include research councils and funding bodies from across Europe and several non-State actors representing philanthropic foundations, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Wellcome Trust. It has also attracted support from outside Europe, most notably from national research bodies in China and India.
[Funders that have endorsed Plan S and are jointly working on its implementation. Brussels: Science Europe; 2019 (https://www.coalition-s.org/funders/, accessed 28 August 2019).]
cOAlition S is an informal network. Membership requires a public statement in support of the 10 principles of Plan S and how they will be implemented. It should be noted that much of its structure and governance has yet to be defined. Governance and organisational structure.
[Brussels: Science Europe; 2019 (https://www.coalition-s.org/governance/, accessed 28 August 2019).]
Plan S is an initiative that seeks to ensure that “all scholarly publications on the results from research funded by public or private grants provided by national, regional and international research councils and funding bodies,” are published in open-access journals, on open-access platforms, or made immediately available through open-access repositories without embargo. This means that the public can freely access and reuse the research immediately without cost barriers and under the terms of an open licence.
Plan S includes a set of 10 principles and guidance on how those principles can be implemented.
Plan S: making full and immediate open access a reality.
[Brussels: Science Europe; 2019 (https://www.coalition-s.org, accessed 28 August 2019).]
Plan S will come into effect from 1 January 2021. This will follow an extensive period of consultation with the public and major stakeholders in order to establish the framework for the implementation of the Plan. WHO will engage with other members of cOAlition S during its implementation and will provide updates on how the WHO open-access policy will evolve.
[WHO policy on open access. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017 (https://www.who.int/publishing/openaccess/en/, accessed 28 August 2019).]
Researchers must publish in (1) open-access journals or platforms; or (2) in subscription journals (i) that allow authors to deposit the version of record or their accepted manuscript in a public repository immediately, under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC BY), or (ii) that are covered by a transformative agreement that has a clear and time-specified commitment to transition to full open access.
WHO’s open-access policy will be updated in 2020 in accordance with the principles and implementation guidance of Plan S. The revised policy will enter into force on 1 January 2021. WHO will also update its grant agreements to reflect the new policy requirements.
If you submit your article to the journal publisher before 1 January 2021, the current WHO open-access policy will apply. Articles submitted on or after this date will be subject to the revised WHO open-access policy, to be developed in 2020.