Over the past decade, Member States have made considerable investments in health security guided by three generations of what is now known as the Asia Pacific Strategy for Emerging Diseases and Public Health Emergencies (APSED III). WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme is working with Member States and partners to monitor and evaluate countries’ public health emergency preparedness and capacity to respond.
Monitoring and evaluation is an ongoing process of planning and review that helps to coordinate key stakeholders, promote transparent reflection on progress and challenges, and enhance ongoing priority setting. Under APSED III, monitoring and evaluation is targeted at national and regional systems for collective learning and continuous improvement. Member States are encouraged to engage sectors beyond health in planning, implementation and monitoring.
Member States are requested to provide annual reports on progress in advancing the core capacities required under the International Health Regulations (2005) or IHR. After-action reviews are recommended following outbreaks or emergencies to measure how capacities function in real events and incorporate lessons learned into emergency response plans and systems. In the absence of outbreaks or public health emergencies for review, Member States conduct exercises to test response processes under simulated conditions. Joint external evaluations (JEE) of IHR capacities are conducted by teams of internal and external experts to promote transparency and accountability.
Through a combination of approaches, monitoring and evaluation of IHR implementation is helping ensure that countries are better prepared for outbreaks and emergencies. At every stage of the process, WHO is available to provide support.
- 93% of non-Pacific countries have a national field epidemiology training programme (from 50% in 2007).
- 86% of non-Pacific countries have a functional health emergency operations centre (from 36% in 2007).